Most people who read magazines, look at billboards on the road, or watch television may probably was about ADHD. Though it is a common term, people may not know what it exactly is. ADHD also known as ADD is the abbreviation of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. The National Institute of Mental Health states ADHD as a condition which affects about 5% of children, while others believe the condition affects around 10% of children of school age.
What could possibly cause ADHD?
There are quite a few causes behind ADHD. However, the medical community has not pinpointed the exact cause of this condition. What we know is that this condition is not a result of excessive video games, too much sugar, or bad parenting. ADHD or ADD is a biological disorder that is brain-based. Several researches and studies on brain imaging have shown a lot of physiological differences in people with ADHD.
There are studies which have proven that a child with this condition is very likely to have a relative with ADHD. This reveals that ADHD is linked with a genetic factor. Several type of Research in Europe and the USA have been working to find which particular genes are likely to be affected by ADHD. Also, scientists have investigating several genes, particularly the ones associated with neurotransmitter dopamine which play a vital part in developing this complicated condition. They also believe that it demands a minimum of 2 genes as this medical condition is a complex disorder.
How do we find if someone has ADHD?
According to the CDC, ADD/ADHD is very common in children, while it is generally identified in childhood. The condition continues into adulthood; however, the symptoms and signs may vary according to age. Children with ADHD may have the following symptoms:
- Excessive talking
- Squirming and fidgeting
- Moving constantly
- Climbing, running or jumping around constantly.
- Interrupting others frequently
- Impatience and a lot more.
Are only children affected by ADHD?
Not really. Every adult who has been diagnosed with ADD should have had it as a child. Some people may have been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactive disorder when they were children and known it. On other hand, the others get to know about only when they become adults. A lot of children outgrow this complex disorder as they age, while about 60% of them continue to be affected as adults. ADHD in adults affects both males and females equally. Some of the most common symptoms of adult ADHD can include:
- Lack of focus
- Poor planning and time management skills
- Mood swings
- Lack of concentration
All these symptoms could result in big trouble in various parts of our lives such as school, home, or work. The good news is that most people get to adapt themselves. Also, adults with ADD can find success by developing their personal strengths.
What kinds of treatments are given to people with ADHD?
The treatment options range from prescription medicines to behavioral intervention. In most cases, medicines alone can be an effective mode of treatment. However, according to the NIMH or National Institute of Mental Health, it is important to incorporate other treatment options.
In order to treat a child with ADHD, the parents work together with their kid’s doctor to determine if medication is the best option. The two types of medications for children with ADHD are stimulant medicines and non-stimulant medicines. On the other hand, treatment for adult ADHD is different from the ones for children. The most appropriate treatment for adults is a combination of various different, compatible approaches which work with one another to bring down the symptoms.
For some people, a combination of behavioral therapy, nutrition, medication, and exercise could work. For others, being a part of ADHD support groups, CBT participation and taking supplements may work. So, it is clearly evident that finding the best treatment and managing the same takes persistence, organization, research, and planning, which is why it is always best to consult a doctor.